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    Revista SCientifica

    versión impresa ISSN 1813-0054

    Resumen

    ARANDA TORRELIO, Eduardo; SEJAS ESCALERA, Jorge  y  AJATA CORRALES, Laura Cile. Encefalocele Occipital. SCIENTIFICA [online]. 2013, vol.11, n.1, pp. 28-31. ISSN 1813-0054.

    This case report describes the neural tube birth defect "occipital encephalocele." Male patient, product of first pregnancy born at 39 weeks, healhy 19 year-old mother, without prenatal care. There was a giant mass; height: 6.6cm and diameter: 15 cm in occipito-cervical region, the post-operative pathology lab reports: skin erosion area with immature nerve tissue with glial reaction, vascular proliferation and hemorrhagic areas. The transfontanelar ultrasound evidences bilateral hemorraghe grade III and the following congenital anomalies: a) occipital encephalocele with asymmetric hydrocephalus b) inter-atrial communication and inter-ventricular c) Right renal hypoplasia. One in five with a birth defect has more than a severe malformation. Pacients with encephalocele and hydrocephalus have a 60% mortality chance. The patient has a favorable evolution despite his many malformations. Diffusion is of vital importance to prevent these malformations and intensify prenatal care.

    Palabras llave : occipital encephalocele; neural tube defects.

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