Cuadernos Hospital de Clínicas
ISSN 1652-6776 versión impresa
ABSTRACT Introduction. Leukemia is the most common hematological cancer in the world; its incidence has increased in many regions around the world. The developing countries live through an epidemiological transition, where cancer will be the first cause of death in the next years. This study describes the epidemiological characteristics and diversity of leukemia in Bolivia. Methods.Epidemiological and laboratory data from 933 leukemia patients coming from different health centers in Bolivia, between January 1999 to June 2009 were included in the study. The diagnose was made by morphological and immunophenotypic assay and RT-PCR assay in chronic myeloid leukemia, and in acute myeloid leukemia M-3 was also performed. Results. The percent distribution of 933 patients, was: 43% women and 57% man. 64% were children and 36% adults. The morphological and immunophenotype diagnostic percentage distribution were: acute lymphoblastic leukemia 61,8% (576 patients), acute myelogenous leukemia 23,3% (217 patients), chronic lymphocytic leukemia 1.9% (18 patients) and chronic myeloid leukemia 13% (122 patients). Conclusion. The distribution of leukemia in Bolivia has different characteristics compared to other countries, probably as an expression of the multiethnic and multicultural population of Bolivia.
Palabras llave: Leucemia; Bolivia; Epidemiología; Leukemia; Boliva; Epidemiological data.
Universidad Mayor de San Andrés, Facultad de Medicina
Facultad de medicina, Postgrado piso 12